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By way of an improvement on the mechanisms of public works in Nigeria specifically under the Osun Youth Employment Scheme (OYES) in targeting not only poor for certain benefits but also to use the emerging labour force to build economic infrastructure,The Federal Government of Nigeria in close partnership with 20 States and the World Bank designed Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) a Social Safety Net Operation to ensure proper targeting of the poor and vulnerables, and implementation of the various Safety Net interventions. However, only 10 States – Osun, Oyo, Ekiti, Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Bauchi, Cross River, Borno, Gombe have been able to fulfil the criteria to benefit from the Operation

YESSO with the objective of increasing access of the poor and vulnerable, using improved Safety Net Systems to youth employment opportunities in all participating States has four components namely; Strengthening the Social Safety Net System in Nigeria, Public Work Fare Program, Skills for Job, and Targeted Grant Transfer.
Public Workfare (PWF) mainly as a short term safety net to provide the poor with a source of income through temporary employment in labor-intensive projects that either create new infrastructure or maintain existing infrastructure. The key factors in implementing the Public Workfare (PWF) Component of YESSO are; identifying and reaching the target population of beneficiaries through Community-Based Targeting, setting the right stipend, and establishing institutions whose implementation of public works projects is efficient and transparent (PWF-Project Implementation Unit).

On Tuesday, 3rd October, 2017, Osun YESSO-PWF commenced a 3-Day Enrolment/Orientation Programme for the 1st set of beneficiaries. The 1,131 beneficiaries were selected from the Single Register of Poor and Vulnerable Households (SRPVH), a product of the Community-Based Targeting carried out in 360 communities of 12 LGAs in the State. The beneficiaries are between the ages of 18 and 35years, unemployed and with education levels lower than JSS3. These beneficiaries have been deployed to the identified public works in their respective communities and will be paid a monthly stipend of N7, 500. They are required to work for 4 hours per day for not more than 15 days per month so as to allow them have time to dedicate to other productive skills acquisition activities or to other important activities for their household. The temporary employment is for at least 1 year and a maximum of 2 years with various exit strategies put in place viz skills development, encouraging Cooperative and Savings Schemes, Micro-enterprise development, linkages to intermediate services to mention but a few. Various levels of monitoring have been designed to ensure full compliance by the beneficiaries and stakeholders to the operation guidelines.

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