Field Exercises on Community Based Targeting
A glimpse on CBT exercise has already shown that targeted social safety net programmes is becoming a dominant tool worldwide to address poverty. This is a clear departure from some practices in the past that rely solely on bureaucratic understanding of poverty. Consequently, targeted social safety net programmes now place an emphasis on the strategies that rely on the community understanding of poverty and ownership of targeting mechanism. The community-based targeting (CBT) mechanism exploits the personal knowledge that community members have of each other, so that the community itself takes responsibility for identifying vulnerable individuals and households.
The CBT approach utilises a combination of three major actions (a) geographic targeting, (b) community sensitization, engagement and selection exercise, and (c) data collection and validation (proxy means testing) exercise.
Under Geographical Targeting, a consensus is reached on use of Poverty Map (or other poverty measurement criteria) which preceded the selection of poor LGA in agreement with the poverty map. The LGAs then select at once 30 poorest villages/communities based on poverty criteria indicated by LGA officials and agreeable to YESSO.
Trained Facilitators are immediately deployed to conduct community sensitization, mobilization, and engagement in each of the selected poor villages/ communities. At the engagement level, community members/groups identify and agree on a number of poorest households or individuals in the community. A grievance redress mechanism is also set up to address complaints and pleas emanating from the community gathering and engagement process in each LGA.